Volume 25, Issue 1: Urban Law and Policy

Articles

The Central-Local Relationship

There are three common ideas about how to organize the city-state-federal relationship. All three, I think, are misguided. The first seeks to consolidate power in a centralized government—sometimes at the national level, but more often at the state or regional level. The second is the opposite idea: it seeks to empower city governments by giving them autonomy to make their own decisions about the policies that shape their future. Read more about The Central-Local Relationship

  • January 2014
  • 25 Stan.L.& Pol'y Rev. 1
  • Article

Local Fiscal Autonomy Requires Constraints: The Case for Fiscal Menus

At the state level, the worst of the fiscal crisis seems to have subsided, for now. At the local level, there is some dispute as to whether the worst is still to come, but in any event, localities have had a very bad recession. One measure of this is the various records set in filings for municipal bankruptcy. Indeed, municipal bankruptcy had previously been so rare that fundamental questions of law have not yet been determi Read more about Local Fiscal Autonomy Requires Constraints: The Case for Fiscal Menus

  • January 2014
  • 25 Stan.L.& Pol'y Rev. 9
  • Article

Property Taxes and Their Limits: Evidence from New York City

Virtually no jurisdiction straightforwardly calculates the tax liability for a property as a fixed percentage of its market value. Instead, property tax rates tend to vary with the use to which a property is put or the identity of its owner. Read more about Property Taxes and Their Limits: Evidence from New York City

  • January 2014
  • 25 Stan.L.& Pol'y Rev. 33
  • Article

Housing Changing Households: Regulatory Challenges for Micro-Units and Accessory Dwelling Units

Available housing units frequently fail to match the needs of a city's evolving household forms. In response to unmet demand and illegal units, some jurisdictions have altered regulations to permit the development of different types of housing, including both accessory dwelling units (ADUs) and micro-units. Developers in a variety of jurisdictions, however, have shown interest in both unit types. Read more about Housing Changing Households: Regulatory Challenges for Micro-Units and Accessory Dwelling Units

  • January 2014
  • 25 Stan.L.& Pol'y Rev. 53
  • Article

From Urban Renewal and Displacement to Economic Inclusion: San Francisco Affordable Housing Policy 1978-2014

The overall success of San Francisco's housing programs and policies results from the interaction of three key factors: (1) dedicated community advocacy and strong coalitions; (2) development of and access to substantial funding sources; and (3) constantly evolving housing programs and policies that address new challenges and recognize opportunities. Combined, these factors have allowed the city to recognize and take advantage of ever-changing market and political forces to maintain and develop strong local communities. Read more about From Urban Renewal and Displacement to Economic Inclusion: San Francisco Affordable Housing Policy 1978-2014

  • January 2014
  • 25 Stan.L.& Pol'y Rev. 121
  • Article

How a Civil Right to Counsel Can Help Dismantle Concentrated Poverty in America's Inner Cities

This Article addresses the challenge of concentrated poverty and suggests that the creation of a civil right to counsel can be a powerful opportunity to enhance low-income inner-city neighborhoods, to empower those who live there, and to create new opportunities, new choices, and socio-economic mobility in our cities. It will explore several strategies that have been proposed for improving neighborhood conditions and promoting mobility and discuss the potential legal strategies that might be employed by poor residents in advancing these strategies. Read more about How a Civil Right to Counsel Can Help Dismantle Concentrated Poverty in America's Inner Cities

  • January 2014
  • 25 Stan.L.& Pol'y Rev. 163
  • Article

Notes

The Right to Stay Gay: SB 1172 and SOCE

David Friedman

Commentators lament that we still have a long way to go for gay rights, yet in all of this angst over a potential anti-gay backlash leading to innovative state legislation to limit gay rights, several innovative measures seeking to expand gay rights have flown under the radar. California Senate Bill (SB) 1172 is one notable example of this phenomenon. It prohibits mental health providers and therapists from engaging in sexual orientation change efforts with minors under eighteen years of age. Read more about The Right to Stay Gay: SB 1172 and SOCE

  • January 2014
  • 25 Stan.L.& Pol'y Rev. 193
  • Note

Arena Development and Environmental Review Reform Under SB 743

Alexander J. Kasner

California's Senate Bill (SB) 743) is a piece of legislation that quietly changes the course of state environmental review. This Note analyzes California's complicated history with environmental review in the form of the California Environmental Quality Act and past environmental review failures, and it considers SB 743's two major attempts at reform and empowerment of municipal development in environmental litigation. Read more about Arena Development and Environmental Review Reform Under SB 743

  • January 2014
  • 25 Stan.L.& Pol'y Rev. 203
  • Note